你的位置:加拿大起点网 >> 资讯 >> 热点新闻 >> 详细内容 在线投稿

要拆的不止邦联像 美印第安人给出了具体名单(图)

排行榜 收藏 打印 发给朋友 举报 来源: 综合新闻  
热度184票   【共15条评论】【我要评论 时间:2017年8月26日

| SGIi/j%o0_]5zA0在因为维吉尼亚州计划移除邦联将军罗伯特·E·李塑像而引发种族暴力后,全美各地城市纷纷拆迁了一些让人联想起美国历史上的种族主义的塑像和纪念碑。邦联塑像引起的争议仍在继续,川普总统就公开质疑,这种拆迁将到哪里为止?拥有奴隶的美国建国先驱乔治·华盛顿和托马斯·杰斐逊的像是不是也要拆?而另一方面,美国原住民评论人士说,人们对另一些纪念碑像的关注却远远不够,这些历史人物要为几百年来对原住民祖先的施暴和压迫负责。加拿大起点网U aj#m?#}s4H4`

加拿大起点网ayv'x'R%vjf

以下是美国各地一些引起美国原住民不满的纪念碑像。

7J_(K mM I}6b0

[nyI S%l0加拿大起点网6gBb S&i'Ng1ys

1Ie3T&O%sCq,s3SE0•克里斯托弗·哥伦布像(the Christopher Columbus statue),位于马里兰州巴尔的摩。这是纪念这位意大利探险家的第一座纪念标志,建立于1792年,当时是为了庆祝哥伦布“发现”美洲300周年。全美各地有好几十座哥伦布纪念碑。美国原住民认为是他打开了大门,导致他们的祖先惨遭种族灭绝。

.] ~ z6M/]ugq0

r? AL w%v%K0

|-~&_@ R4bG-um P7v0 加拿大起点网Yh3`YYe[%`VF

旧金山(专题)先驱纪念碑局部。(资料照)加拿大起点网B y+X H6w3X@

加拿大起点网1_KKY'a]%hM

•先驱纪念碑(Pioneer Monument),位于加州旧金山。这座花岗石和青铜塑像在1897年由雕塑家F·H·哈珀斯伯格完成,表现一名半裸的“印第安人”驯服地坐在一名西班牙定居者和一名天主教神父的脚下。西班牙方济各会神父在加利福尼亚各地建立了宣教团,让“印第安异教徒”皈依天主教,他们经常是使用武力传教。后来,天主教寄宿学校是强制融入基督教和西方文化的主要工具。加拿大起点网6v8vyx~

6^`je(BB+a+Y#M%p0•猎熊像(The Bear Hunt Statue),位于加州佛里蒙的加利福尼亚聋人学校。猎熊像由道格拉斯·提尔顿1892年塑造,表现两名美国原住民男子,---而且又是半裸着身体,与一头母熊搏斗。欧及布威族苏必利尔湖歹河部落聋人成员、社会学专家理查德·克拉克·埃克特2014年在《今日印第安国度》(Indian Country Today)写道,“提尔顿塑造的‘印第安人’与其它一些艺术作品属于同一历史时期,这些作品反映的原住民形象是战败的勇士、原始的低等人类。”他还引述一名科尤康部落驯鹿分支成员的话说,“印第安人不会傻到走到一头带着幼崽的母熊面前。”加拿大起点网*`c-ArQ)W:A

nF%d"S)f4\Z9d5z^+R&m0•朱尼帕洛∙塞拉像(the Junipero Serra statue),位于加州索尔万圣塔伊涅兹修道院。塞拉以300年前把基督教传播到加利福尼亚知名,他建立了二十几处宣教团,“开化”部落民族,让他们皈依天主教。塞拉2015年被梵蒂冈宣布为圣徒。原住民部落却无法同庆。历史文献显示,塞拉用奴役和酷刑方式迫使美国原住民放弃他们的宗教和文化。

.w;qFPx{pa%g[#Y#g0 加拿大起点网$V(B9r0U^

白宫对面拉法叶公园的安德鲁·杰克逊像。(资料照)加拿大起点网M.^+w,zd&s$T^ AX(j

加拿大起点网:^)w y&L(t2^I y6urN

•安德鲁·杰克逊纪念像(Andrew Jackson Monument),位于首都华盛顿。这座塑像1852年由克拉克·米尔斯塑造,纪念有争议的美国第七任总统安德鲁·杰克逊。在杰克逊领导下,克里克和切诺基人被迫离开他们在阿拉巴马、佛罗里达、乔治亚、北卡罗莱纳和田纳西的家园,沿着“泪之路”西迁,数以千计的部落成员倒毙途中。杰克逊当时问道:“难道游荡的野蛮人的家园纽带会比定居的基督徒文明人更强?”加拿大起点网PJm.dN[ x

加拿大起点网@%}olf x+~ K5VS;O

•乔治·阿姆斯特朗·卡斯特骑马纪念像(George Armstrong Custer Equestrian Monument),位于卡斯特的家乡密西根州门罗。卡斯特指挥的美国陆军骑兵被拉科塔、夏安和阿拉帕霍等平原部落的勇士在“小大角战役”、也就是平原部落所说“油草之战”中打败。卡斯特最初被誉为美国的大英雄,但是随着时间发展,他的名声变差了。卡斯特下令美军进攻小大角河边一座有1万名苏族、夏安族和阿拉帕霍族人安营的村寨,杀掉了他们数百匹马。部落勇士回击,全歼了卡斯特的部队。卡斯特之前在黑山发现了黄金。历史学者说,卡斯特一心要违反1868年签署的一项条约,把拉科塔人赶到保留地区。

?4SJ5c+[o4J4X3R0

8vQ ~)[!D!L6P,nE0• 拉什莫尔山国家纪念公园(Mount Rushmore National Memorial),位于南达科他州基石。四位美国总统乔治·华盛顿、托马斯·杰斐逊、亚伯拉罕·林肯和西奥多·罗斯福的巨大头像直接雕刻在南达科他州黑山地区的一座山上。这处土地按照条约本来划归原住民部落,但是美国政府后来收回,由此引起的法律纠纷持续至今。这座山被苏族部落称为“六祖父”。美国原住民网根(Native American Netroots)的网站上有一则帖子说:“在仍然被视为圣山的地方雕刻以对印第安事务感觉迟钝出名的总统形象,这等于是在天主教堂喷反基督教涂鸦或者在犹太教堂画反犹标记。”

|!Y6]S%~k0 加拿大起点网#UJ2M#Q@r.BH

•堂·胡安·德·奥尼亚特像(Don Juan de Onate Statue),位于德克萨斯州埃尔帕索。这是世界最大的青铜骑马像,基座有两米半高,塑像本身高达11米。雕塑家是约翰·谢利尔·豪泽。德·奥尼亚特是来自西班牙的征服者,他在16世纪晚期为西班牙建立了新墨西哥殖民地。他最出名的是对阿科玛部落发动历时两天的讨伐,有多达1千名阿科玛人“死在烈火和血泊中”。这尊200万美元的塑像2006年竖立于埃尔帕索国际机场。把塑像立在机场是相信这样可以使其免受破坏。几年前,在新墨西哥州北埃斯帕诺拉,美国原住民活动人士把一尊较小的德·奥尼亚特像的右脚给砍掉了,这跟德·奥尼亚特当年曾下令手下人把所有25岁以上的阿科玛男子的脚砍掉有关。加拿大起点网%Z'U)o R K5[n H8l

( 0 B )

( 0 B )

顶:18 踩:15
对本文中的事件或人物打分:
当前平均分:-1.5 (52次打分)
对本篇资讯内容的质量打分:
当前平均分:-2.28 (43次打分)
【已经有56人表态】
30票
感动
1票
路过
2票
高兴
4票
难过
6票
搞笑
5票
愤怒
2票
无聊
6票
同情
上一篇 下一篇
加拿大起点网保留地址网友 [carol8595] ip: 172.87.*.*
2018-03-08 03:23:59
Known fo <a href="http://www.monclersale.us.com">Moncler Clearance</a> r their signature style,Moncler Clearance, reasonable  <a href="http://www.fitflops-saleclearance.net">Fitflops Sale Clearance</a> price and the unmatched oomph factor, Ray-Ban aviator sunglasses make a statement of their own. Many celebrities are spotted flaun <a href="http://www.ray-bansunglassesoutlet.net">Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet</a> ting their favorite Ray-Ban sunglasses, both on cameras and at dinner parties or other red-carpet events for
加拿大起点网美国网友 [miriam3951] ip: 45.33.*.*
2018-03-24 16:00:36
Configuring backups is any more very critical part of your fanatical at <a href="http://blog.livedoor.jp/drazuli/archives/6033827.html">Moncler Jackets On Sale SoBNB</a> tendant, and the option be supposed to come to pass s <a href="http://www.pdbracelet.com">Pandora Beads</a> itting taking part in the control panel. These backups long for taking part in nearly all bags come to pass recorded to an outside location, but taking part in nearly bags the <a href="http://www.canadagoosesale.net">Cheap Canada Goose Outlet</a>
加拿大起点网美国网友 [xenia7729] ip: 45.33.*.*
2018-05-17 18:27:35
So,Pandora Charms Sale <a href="http://www.cheappandoracharms.cc">Pandora Charms Sale Clearance</a>  Clearance, It Really is really a significant opportun <a href="http://www.fitflopssaleclearanceuk.name">Fitflops Sale</a> ity to don't hesitate to view movies on the Internet. The motion picture enthusiasts could match their picks of picking out wide scope of motion pictures. Movie <a href="http://www.monclercoat.name">Moncler Women</a>  enthusiasts can preferably style and design their getaway strat
加拿大起点网保留地址网友 [doreen0004] ip: 172.87.*.*
2018-05-18 18:05:30
Not everyone can afford authentic Louis Vuitton,Cheap Moncler, but everyo <a href="http://www.moncleruk.us.com">Cheap Moncler</a> ne can have a stylish handbag without blowing the budget. Just have  <a href="http://www.rbbrazil.top">Ray Ban Outlet</a> a bit of patience to look in vintage stores,Ray Ban Outlet, factory outlets,Oakley Sunglasses Wholesale, and department stores. If yo <a href="http://www.fake-oakleysunglasseswholesale.com">Oakley Sunglasses Wholesale</a> u want to stand out with a
加拿大起点网保留地址网友 [awnx44xbyhl] ip: 172.87.*.*
2018-05-20 07:03:14
In terms of when the av <a href="http://www.fakeoakleysunglasseswholesale.us">Fake Oakley Sunglasses</a> erage woman gives bir <a href="http://www.yeezyboost350.org">Yeezy Boost 350 V2</a> th,Fake Oakley Sunglasses, a woman's due date is determined to be 40 weeks after her last menstrual period,Yeezy Boost 350 V2, which is about 280 days. Most women d <a href="http://www.fake-oakleysunglasseswholesale.com">Oakley Sunglasses Wholesale</a> eliver very near their due date,Oakley Sunglasses Wholesale, but anywhere from 38 weeks to 4
加拿大起点网保留地址网友 [awnx44xbyhl] ip: 172.87.*.*
2018-05-20 19:12:49
More and more people are turning health conscious these days. They are <a href="http://www.oakban.top">Oakley Vault</a>  recognizing the benefits of exercising regularly.B <a href="http://www.rbhongkong.top">Ray Ban Aviator</a> ut many a times it is just not possible to join a health club and follow a regular routine of exercise.Factors like gym timing and distance makes th <a href="http://www.rbhollywood.top">Ray Ban Wayfarer 2140</a> e person reluctant to join any
加拿大起点网美国网友 [letitia8385] ip: 45.33.*.*
2018-06-02 15:29:51
article125675As a woman's body prepares for natural childbirth <a href="http://www.oakbao.top">Replica Oakley Sunglasses</a> , the amniotic sac becomes distended so the p <a href="http://www.rbla.top">Fake Ray Bans</a> oint where it will easily burst if put under pressure. Under normal circumstances, the pressure of labor contractions bursts the sac. During a full moon, the pressure caused by the moon's ef <a href="http://www.ray-bansunglassesmen.com">Ray-ban Sunglasses Men</a> fec
加拿大起点网保留地址网友 [doreen5317] ip: 172.87.*.*
2018-06-28 03:45:48
A basic recreational vehicle comprises of beds, tables <a href="http://www.ray-bansunglassesoutlet.net">Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet</a> , kitchen and storage areas. The top <a href="http://www.ray-banwayfarersunglasses.com">Ray-ban Wayfarer</a>  quality RVs leave no stone unturned to provide every means of entertainment and luxury. Access to the Internet and satellite TV with slide-out sections and awnings lend the ambience of an ideal luxury.  <a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutletonline2018.com">Michael Kors Outlet Online</a> Ranging
加拿大起点网保留地址网友 [tommyhall79] ip: 172.87.*.*
2018-07-07 13:25:26
Mos <a href="http://www.fitflopshoeswomen.com/fitflop-arena-c1_31.html">Fitflop Arena</a> t pimples are best left alone, bu <a href="http://www.fitflopssaleclearanceuk.name/fitflop-positano-c43.html">Fitflop Positano</a> t there is one kind that you can squeeze to help get rid of it. If the pimple has a little central yellow pus head in it, then a gentle squeeze will m <a href="http://www.fitflopssandalssale.com/fitflop-chada-women-sale-c5.html">Fitflop Chada Women Sale</a> ake it pop open very nicely. Once the pus pops out,Fitflop Arena, the pimple will heal more quickly.Attack Blackhe
加拿大起点网保留地址网友 [bernice2509] ip: 172.87.*.*
2018-07-09 22:05:50
Jesus said: "We will be judged by how we treat the least amo <a href="http://www.fitflopssaleuk.us.com/fitflop-arena-c1_28.html">Fitflop Arena</a> ng us."Jesus  <a href="http://www.fitflopssaleclearanceuk.name/fitflop-glitterball-c4.html">Fitflop Glitterball</a> said: "Turn the other cheek.Mens Fitflop Lexx Sale Clearance "Jesus said: "Love your neighbor as yourself."He did not say: "Bomb Iraq,Fitflop Arena, Iran and Aphganistan or feed the coffers of the very rich (w <a href="http://www.fitflopssandalssale.com/fitflop-freeway-men-sale-c13.html">Fitflop Freeway Men Sale</a> ith these wars) as
加拿大起点网美国网友 [winni9037] ip: 45.33.*.*
2018-07-11 09:20:20
Almost everything around is made of ice and when you walk on  <a href="http://www.fitflops.net/fitflop-dass-men-c24.html">Fitflop Dass Men</a> the stairs,Fitflo <a href="http://www.fitflopshoeswomen.com/fitflop-lolla-c1_43.html">Fitflop Lolla</a> p Dass Men, it is sometimes not easy to reach the higher areas but developing the challenge of reaching these areas allows you to see the bright pictures of the scenery from above. One of the past opening  <a href="http://cgi.www5f.biglobe.ne.jp/~tetrapot/cgi/bbs/diary.cgi">Men Fitflop Freeway Maqddjvl </a> ceremonies of the
加拿大起点网保留地址网友 [doreen5317] ip: 172.87.*.*
2018-07-13 03:56:41
Top Points to H <a href="http://www.nj-bridge.com/ad/Review.asp?NewsID=486">article103812</a> elp yo <a href="http://www.fitflopssaleuk.us.com/fitflop-positano-c1_7.html">Fitflop Positano</a> u Select the Right Silk pillowcases Are you wondering what the big fuss about a Silk pillowcase is? There ar <a href="http://www.fitflops.net/fitflop-banda-women-c1.html">Fitflop Banda Women</a> e many reasons why people are shunning their cotton and polyester pillowcases for Silk pillowcases. Silk is good for your skin and is one of the most shared beauty secrets
加拿大起点网保留地址网友 [florence42] ip: 172.87.*.*
2018-07-13 15:15:33
The powerplant is not the <a href="http://www.fitflopssandalssale.com/fitflop-butterfly-women-sale-c3.html">Fitflop Butterfly Women Sale</a>  only thing that has received much attention from the <a href="http://www.fitflopsandalsclearance.us/fitflop-women-c1.html">Fitflop Women</a>  designer but also its chassis. The frame on which the Cadillac CTS is built upon was tested all over the world to gauge its performance. The designers took the chassis to German race tracks and the roads of China <a href="http://www.fitflops.name/fitflop-due-sale-clearance-c12.html">Fitflop Due Sale Clearance</a>  and the
加拿大起点网美国网友 [tess8451] ip: 69.161.*.*
2018-08-20 15:04:15
I got another letter from the same woman telling me that her husband du <a href="http://www.nikeairmax-95.com">Nike Air Max 95 Black</a> mped her and she wanted to know how to get him back! N <a href="http://www.kate-spadehandbags.com">Kate Spade Outlet</a> ow it was my turn to tell her to piss off for being so dumb!5) Becoming a crazy drama queen, trashing ex-boyfriends or expecting too much far too earlyDon?t unload Yzzocqfm h <a href="http://www.parajumpersoutlet.name">Parajumpers Outlet</a> o
加拿大起点网美国网友 [tess8451] ip: 209.160.*.*
2018-08-31 08:17:28
Bra and panty set has a prolonged and effect <a href="http://www.nikeairmaxmens.com">Nike Air Max 270</a> ive hist <a href="http://www.cheap-nikeairmax.com">Cheap Nike Air Max</a> ory simply because enhancers within the female mode. It is presumed that the first of all example of bra and panty set for women originated from the Mediter <a href="http://www.cheap-yeezy350.com">Yeezy Boost 350 Blue Tint</a> ranean. This was two thousand years before Christ. The discipline of ladies lingerie continu
发表评论
换一张

网友评论仅供网友表达个人看法,并不表明本网同意其观点或证实其描述。

查看全部回复【已有15位网友发表了看法】

最新商城信息

免费发布商城信息
搜索政府工作职位: Search Jobs

趣味小调查

非常有趣的一些问题



开始趣味小调查